Summary: Discover the joy of growing your own coffee plant indoors. With proper care, patience, and hand-pollination, you can enjoy a cup of homegrown coffee. Learn how to create the perfect growing conditions and harvest your own beans.
If you’ve ever dreamed of having your own coffee plant, now you can make it a reality. Coffea arabica, the coffee plant, can be grown indoors and will even produce beans that can be roasted for brewing. While you may not have enough beans for a whole bag, the glossy green leaves, fragrant flowers, and shrubby habit of the coffee plant make it a beautiful and enjoyable houseplant.
Coffea trees can grow up to 25 feet tall in the wild, but as potted houseplants, they typically reach about 6 feet. To grow your own coffee plant, start by planting it in a pot with well-draining potting mix. Make sure the pH of the soil is between 6.0 and 6.5, and keep the plant slightly moist by watering it thoroughly once every week or two.
Place the pot in a warm room, away from drafts, where it can receive bright, indirect light. Coffee plants also require humidity, so mist the plant daily, use a nearby humidifier, or place the pot on a pebble-filled tray with water. This will create a humid microclimate around the plant.
To help your coffee plant thrive, feed it four times a year with a balanced fertilizer. Prune the plant during spring if desired. Your coffee plant will start blooming when it’s around 3 to 5 years old. To get beans, you’ll need to hand-pollinate the flowers using a cotton swab or a small paintbrush. Properly pollinated flowers will turn into cherries.
Harvest the cherries when they have fully turned red. Dry them in a single layer and toss them daily to prevent rotting. After a week or two, remove the dried skin and pulp to reveal the beans inside. Dry-roast the beans in a hot pan, stirring constantly until they turn brown. Once cooled, grind and brew your very own cup of homegrown coffee.
Tags: coffee plant, indoor gardening, houseplants, homegrown coffee, growing conditions, harvesting beans